Time is beyond matter. On the other hand, the three dimensions of space are concrete. We can’t define time numerically. Time is the effect of ‘beyond matter’ over matter. It is an etherical energy. Certainly it must not have a fixed place on matter. Later on it was proved that time was both a dimension and it was varying, not fixed like other dimensions.
A) It is a dimension: Time’s conformity with the other dimensions was verified. For example our universe has a life of 20 billion years. On the other hand our sun has 55 million years of life. But in mini structures like neutrinos, time shortens. For example a life of a neutron when extracted out an atom is 13 minutes. In subatomic scale, as the space gets smaller, time shortens. This is the proof that it is a dimension. Time gets longer or shorter paralel to the dimensions of space.
In the huge dimensions of the universe time is considered as billion years, but in quant universes, everything starts and ends in billionth of a second. Some of the particles’ life were so short that we can’t observe them and so we define them as not particles but resonances.
B)Time is a variable dimension: Time is not fixed. This is explained by the hyperon quants, cosmic primaries. We can exemplify the fixture of dimensions with the unchangeability of half life of cosmic rays. In wave mechanics, half life is an unchanging physico-mathematic rule. So some particles having a life of billionth of a second must not reach our world, when starting from sun or moon. For example Eta particle is the subproduct of Sigma particle. It’s life is 0.000000000000001 of a second. But it can be observed in the world. This can be only explained by the rejuvenation of time in relativity. Although it’s life is a mathematical fact, and fixed, the one changing is only TIME. Changing thing is the time on the space.
Time flows in different speeds in different regions of space and time also flows in different speeds at the beginning and end of an event. The one changing is not the space but the flow of time. In Qur-an Ma'aarij (The Ways of Ascent):70-4: The angels and the Spirit ascend unto Him in a Day the measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years. Relativity is lived not in events, but in the conditions of the universe. Time is not a calendar. Time is an arrangement on the rail of physical effects’ changeability. Rail is fixed but the speed of the train changes. Train gets its dynamism from time. Our creative reserve called stimulus enters our universe with gravitation, magnetism, nuclear forces, and time force energy to quant region. Time is at the same time energy. A heavy object when sinking in the space, distorts not only the space but also time. So light gets late with the gravitational effect, it’s road bends, gets long and it looses time.